Screenings

Video Art emerged in the 1960’s when the boundaries separating traditional art practices like film, sculpture, painting, performance, drawing, dance, music and writing – blurred. Artists began hybridizing various mediums combining them with new forms of technology, in particular - video.

Today Video Art has evolved into a hybrid stage combining all manner of digital technologies such as sensors and computer aided interactivity, projection mapping, robotics and augmented reality to name a few.

 

Part 1,  The evolution of the moving image in art

The Aspect of the Fantastic

Camera obscura (Early form of image projection - a pin hole camera that you can enter)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera_obscura

The magic Lantern (An inverted Camera Obscura with a glass lens instead of a hole)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_lantern

A nineteenth century magic lantern projector

https://museumvictoria.com.au/learning-federation/video-temp/magic-lantern-show-video/

The phantasmagoria – (1820’s)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9hVVLOHdTI

Thaumatrope (turn sound off!)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=46Mlr4hvW-E

The Zoetrope - (1889)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_8fX-N3Ji4

(in class demonstration of  the  phenakistoscope and thaumatrope)

The first motion picture ever made (1889)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDmAxdLvdQ4

Refinements by the by the Lumière brothers (1896)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b6Ppp5902Yg

Early experiences in cinema were wondrous, magical – even shocking!

A Trip to the Moon silent film directed by Georges Méliès (1902)

https://vimeo.com/39275260

 

Film evolves into a form of mass entertainment... Until?

 

* Dada:  1915-1920's Against cultural and intellectual conformity + Upend bourgeois sensibilities + Anti-Art + The Readymade  

* MOMA website -  http://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/themes/dada

Art Story Website http://www.theartstory.org/movement-dada.htm

* WWI, Cabaret Voltaire & the beginnings of Dada (doc film - watch till 9:10) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEBnxWQct24

* Marie Osmond reads Hugo Ball's 1916 Poem "Karawane"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G69O7fvM3BI

* Ballet Mechanique (1924 )  ://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oWa2iy-0TEQ

The Ballet Mecanique Robotic Orchestra performs George Antheil's 1924 "Ballet Mecanique" at the National Gallery of Art

The first piece of music that has been composed OUT OF and FOR machines, ON EARTH.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GZEtFwev630

Man Ray’s Emak-Bakia (Basque for Leave me alone) (1926) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UvAnGTJjG_0

* Marcel Duchamp’s Anemic Cinema (1926) (turn sound off!!!)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsnhBUp7xxM

Sprang from his optical experiments –

http://www.dada-companion.com/duchamp/films.php

 

Abstract Animation:  Non-narrative visual/sound experiences + Unique qualities of motion, rhythm, light and composition inherent in the medium of cinema

* Oskar Fischinger, Optical Poem (1938) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=they7m6YePo

(Created decades before the appearance of computer graphics and music videos)

 

The Whitney Brothers were pioneers of computer graphics and minimal abstract films. Working with airbrush stencils, optical printing, computer-generated graphics, and then simply using light, the brothers created non-objective films in their California studio. By the 1970s, the two brothers had ventured off in different cinematic directions: John went to Hollywood. One of his most famous works was the animated title sequence from Alfred Hitchcock's 1958 film Vertigo, His work also inspired Douglas Trumbull – who created the visual effects for Stanley Kubrick’s film 2001. James went on to create highly mystical abstract films and was regarded as one of the great masters of abstract cinema. 

*James Whitney - Lapis - (1966) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kzniaKxMr2g

*John Whitney "Catalog" 1961 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TbV7loKp69s

 

Stan Brakhage’s his films were for him - painting made to move.

* Stan Brakhage

Mothlight (1963) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5P5vkegmvU

 

* To make Mothlight, Brakhage collected hundreds of insect wings, petals, blades of grass, pollen, and leaves and meticulously pressed them together with tape and then fed that tape into a projector. https://thesegirlsonfilm.com/2013/12/11/on-stan-brakhages-mothlight-1963/

 

“Over the lightbulbs there’s all these dead moth wings, and I … hate that. Such a sadness; there must surely be something to do with that. I tenderly picked them out and start pasting them onto a strip of film, to try to… give them life again, to animate them again, to try to put them into some sort of life through the motion picture machine.”wiki

 

*Contrast this to the Rutt-Etra video synthesizer (1970)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EZQiHuTbnes

*Bill is still around today – supposedly with an updated software version of the synthesizer.

(a digression) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ULLo2teZYc

 

Thus far we have examined an evolution of Video Art through the lens of Cinema.

 

* Fluxus: (1960 - present) Huge tricksters + Mock the elitist world of "high art" + Destroy any boundary between art and life + Happenings

To establish a context for the transition from Moving Image Art into Video Art we need to introduce the Fluxus movement. Not unlike DADA Fluxus developed as an anti-art', anti-commercial anti-aesthetics “movement” in the early 1960’s . Flowing primarily from NYC, Fluxus artists did not agree with the authority of museums to determine the value of art, nor did they believe that one must be educated to view and understand a piece of art. So instead of “shows” in galleries and museums they staged a series of “Happenings” – or art events.  Happenings were artworks in and of themselves - they often merged mediums such as dance, performance, film/video and sound-works, chickens, and readymade events – ANYTHING!  Happenings required active participation from an audience to come to full fruition and were an early form of participatory art.

 

This is an audio lecture by Allen Burkoff, (born June 20, 1951) an artist and social psychologist who has been a part of the Fluxus movement since the 1980’s. Its really more of a manifesto on “How to make a Happening” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8iCM-YIjyHE

* Keep in mind that the Fluxus practitioners were huge tricksters!! This is a very informative narrative on Fluxism by Burkoff with a slideshow - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGZ9OS1Oj14 

It was also about this time that the Sony AV-3400 Portapak was introduced. http://umwvideoart.com/2015/untitled-1 

* Here is a fun Snip-it from "Portapack Conversation" by David and Carol Martin http://www.vdb.org/titles/portapak-conversation

* Some of the earliest pioneers of Video Art were part of the Fluxus movement including Charlotte Moorman, Wolf Vostell and Nam June Paik. Early early examples of their work often feature the appropriation, deconstruction and manipulation of mass media and culture as a form of political critique.

 

Wolf Vostell, (1932 - 1998)

Sun in your head, (1963 ) https://vimeo.com/133622416

* Wolf Vostell E.d.H.R. Electronic dé - coll / age, Happening Room (1968) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XzGsVbSdD3k

Charlotte Moorman (1933-1991)

A retrospective documentary on her - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2aeH9FdtAqY

* Nam June Paik / Charlotte Moorman - Charlotte Moorman performs with Paik's 'TV cello'

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-9lnbIGHzUM

Nam June Paik (1932 -2006) – Often cited as the father of video art.

* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VEAUjFLSqXY

Exhibition preview for the 2012 Smithsonian Exhibition.

* Tatshots video http://www.tate.org.uk/context-comment/video/tateshots-nam-june-paik-nephew

Electronic Superhighway (1995)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p16JxNV90SU

* Fascinated by the image of the Robot - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=InPigDoTHQ8

* – a piece from later in his career, a description by conservator Glenn Wharton https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rO_lwjhoSiU

Kind-a long audio piece with images https://www.arts.gov/photos/nam-june-paik-artist-who-invented-video-art

Part 2, In the 1960 and 1970’s “Video Art” came into existence. Since then it has evolved into...

 

A spectacle in service of media and cultural critique

Ant Farm - Media Burn (1975) Classic (satirizing the media, the media event, officidum, facts, television, the automobile... play till 7:22)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U53-Sfnqwss

Dara Birnbaum (repeated transformations expose the illusion of fixed female identities in media and attempts to show the emergence of a new woman through use of technology)

Wonder Woman (1978)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HhMG-QCJVsE

 

Antonio Muntadas, Video is television? (1989) (Deconstructing the mechanics of the message and the medium)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N439EuEv-xg

EBN Emergency Broadcast System (1990’s)

Documercial (show first) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5KawIf6Vzs

Electronic Behavior Control System https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oQZsKWV4mDo

Get Down - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SuVd8k3QFP8

Commercial Entertainment Product https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UR2lKjApPzo

Dreammaster https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1TCyEjyxFw

I am a man https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yAHAA1q7HYY

What's Happening https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NxQsnU8mKOw

A vehicle for introspection

Bill Viola - This video of an exhibition of his work provides an excellent overview

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jg19GwNCJU0

Ocean Without a Shore - Venice Biennale 2007

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-V7in9LObI

Tiny Deaths and Martyrs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TuD4JVFXXq8

Frustrated Actions and Futile Gestures

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hV__yTp0MLk

 

Bruce Nauman - Good Boy, Bad Boy (1985)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wXmzT3aplEw

A means of dissecting and rewiring the body to examine human behavior

Tony Oursler – human behavior as art

Documentary… kind-of

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o-q15Qf-Q64

Tate interview and studio tour (watch)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IuWozY8NIS0

Installation at AROS Exhibition Center, Aarhus, Denmark 2012.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5HjR1X0a4e4

Bound Interrupter

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yTG1oxBo-3o

Walk through of "Face to Dace  (2012) 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wtOyJI6AQ1I

 

A kind of immersive moving painting about language, music, movement, lousy flowing pictures, poetry, commotion, premonition of death, sex and friendliness

Pipilotti Rist

Video Overview:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V7qIoRv84I4

I’m not the girl who misses much (1986)

http://artfem.tv/TEST/id;19/action;showpage/page_type;video/page_id;Pipilotti_Rist_I_m_Not_The_Girl_Who_Misses_Much_flv/

She discusses “I’m not the girl…”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nn0isretmA0

Pipilotti Rist - Be Nice To Me (Flatten 04) (199?)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nYDh_D1G0hU

Ever is overall – (1997)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gd06ukX-rU

Pipilotti Rist Retrospective at Kunsthaus Zürich (curator discussion)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E6GMYlk_NSQ

In German – great installation footage + underpants!!!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4aSRLPCWCI

She talks about her installations – great interview

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0z_-ofYzkqE

Pipilotti Rist sums up Video Art

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uKR-QhjOz-o

Pepperminta! – Here venture into feature format

trailer:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGLoK_Qzgr8

You can watch all episodes on youtube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cf4eTNqKtf0

As a Segway into Cinema

Steve McQueen (director of 12 years a slave!) talks about the screen – the spectator – and the story.

Interview talking about his early video art works https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oumJJ2jErOI

Interview at MOMA – great setup!, too long for class

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-KM_5z9WvUc

His retrospective exhibition in 2013 – deadpan is at 3:10

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PACfx0GeOY

Article on how his video art was a preamble for his films

http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20140228-art-as-fierce-as-12-years-a-slave

Buster Keaton house fall –

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zsyRhRR5Iu4

Stills from McQueen’s Deadpan

1, https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/9f/a9/75/9fa97577b71a12a5fbda9ad879ee6df2.jpg

2, http://www.indiewire.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/steve-mcqueen.jpg

3, http://artnews.org/files/0000078000/0000077391.jpg/mcqueen_deadpan_02_l.jpg

4, http://67.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m9c7nsLaCQ1qzspj4o1_1280.png

Deadpan - http://www.indiewire.com/2015/04/watch-deadpan-an-early-short-work-by-steve-mcqueen-inspired-by-buster-keaton-154675/

A tool for exploring nature and technology, memory and place

Leslie Thorton - Midnight Moment, Binocular Menagerie (2014) 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RAx00RjmdgA://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RAx00RjmdgA

Luna (2013)

https://vimeo.com/87030593

Friedrich van Schoor and Tarek Mawad  - The bioluminesent forest

https://vimeo.com/115082758

Behind the scenes

http://www.bioluminescent-forest.com/behind-the-scenes/

A means to  explore feminine iconography and identity within popular culture

Rachelle Beaudoin

http://www.rachellebeaudoin.com/bio#tbm=isch&q=rachial+bodwin

 

Dara Birnbaum

Wonder Woman (1978)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HhMG-QCJVsE

Pipiloti Rist

Ever is overall

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gd06ukX-rU

FYI - Beyonce vs Pipiloti

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2V7tQwnJQEo

A medium for the body to express/extend itself

Camille Utterback http://camilleutterback.com/

 ​

Bruce Nauman

Interview: "Poke in the Eye/Nose/Ear"

http://www.art21.org/videos/short-bruce-nauman-poke-in-the-eye-nose-ear

A tool for reshaping architecture

600 YEARS OF PRAGUE CLOCK TOWER - Tomato

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u4LVEAiZJyg

Unknown artists - big commercial/state projects

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uWi44jKQUjc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SrtccYX_jEA

 

A dance/sound and performance partner

Liz Phillips- Excerpts from Roulette Performance (2012)

https://vimeo.com/90417810

Liz Phillips – Echo Location – multiple projectors and sound sources

https://vimeo.com/155623795

 

Laurie Anderson - O Superman (1982)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vkfpi2H8tOE

 

Charles Atlas/Leigh Bowery - Mrs Peanut Visits New York (1999)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jlezo0o3GwY

Charles Atlas/Leigh Bowery – Teach (1997?)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_SkOZpItvlM

Thomas Redoldner - Sunny Afternoon (2012)  https://vimeo.com/40400636

 

Marina Abramović

http://www.art21.org/videos/segment-marina-abramovic-in-history

 

A part of a ceremony/meditation

Mary Lucier Procession – (2012)

https://vimeo.com/87428778

 

Bruce Nauman - Anthro/Socio (1991)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VD7U5mcEepU

 

A lens for surveying surveillance

Julia Scher – Predictive Engineering

https://www.sfmoma.org/watch/julia-scher-predictive-engineering/

Film… but also sculpture

Matthew Barney - Interview on Cremaster (1994 – 2002) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VJfI1LRK0tc (Goto 3:40)

Cremaster Cycle Trailer https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bqQNJvpV8eU

Cremaster 1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0eHHJzk1uo

 

An emotional object

Camille Utterback Potent Objects 2003 http://camilleutterback.com/projects/potent-objects/ (see also Tony Oursler)

 

A technology for observing the body's collision with technology

Klaus vom Bruch,

Propeller Tape (1979

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jF8ZPoJis9w

Azimut (1985)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hnYL0jjAHlM

Liat Berdugo

http://www.liatberdugo.com/switch

 

As a means of Immersion

Anthony McCall

Five Minutes of Pure Sculpture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E4FDLc2HbAY

 

Ryoji Ikeda

WARNING : A very small percentage of people may experience a seizure when exposed to certain visual images, including flashing lights or patterns in this artists work. 

 

The radar – interview – play first

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TU140hHeb4A

Test pattern

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XwjlYpJCBgk

data.path

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jPGkJabeib0

THE TRANSFINITE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=omDK2Cm2mwo

Micro Macro

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yE1b8uHmjq8

 

Kurt Hentschläger and Ulf Langheinrich / Granular Synthesis 

Modell 5 (1996) - https://vimeo.com/43744967

Notte Digitale 2008 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VJoMVp17WYc

 

A capture device for exploring phenomena

Rodney Graham

Coruscating Cinnamon Granules (1996)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5a3rt3HnsFs

Torqued Chandelier Release (1997)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kg5ojNRLgtI

Lobbing potatoes at a gong (poor quality – multi generation)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXUHZQbkog8

 

Dennis Hlynsky

https://vimeo.com/dennishlynsky

 

A disembodied eye for viewing unscripted  magic

Megan and Murray McMillan

Vimeo channel: https://vimeo.com/channels/meganandmurrray

Blog: http://www.meganandmurraymcmillan.com/blog/

observation: http://andreazampitella.com/?p=287

 

 A way examining/suspending time

Christian Marclay - The Clock (2008)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rB3CgEnxnYY

Bill Domonkos

His tumbler  - http://billdomonkos.tumblr.com/

His web site - http://www.bdom.com/ 

Stop and Go (note these are GIFS!!!!!)  - http://billdomonkos.tumblr.com/smART

 

Gary Hill (Interview)

https://www.sfmoma.org/watch/gary-hill-doesnt-miss-a-beat/

 

Bruce Nauman:

Interview: "Poke in the Eye/Nose/Ear" http://www.art21.org/videos/short-bruce-nauman-poke-in-the-eye-nose-ear

 

a screen for  revealing the cliché that is Hollywood… or is it humanity??

Bruce & Norman Yonemoto – Made in Hollywood (1990)

https://vimeo.com/122019047

Bruce & Norman Yonemoto – The Vault (1988)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Fza8Wq_uzg

 

A means of provoking performance

Vito Acconci (Situation maker)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_dqT-XeIjA (not a video piece – but important for the following)

Theme Song , Part 1 of 4 (1973)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mAf6zKRb1wI

Undertone (1972)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9xkRgDz-0Sk

A kind of magical method for blurring the line between Virtual and Physical

Davy and Kristin McGuire

 

Jam Jar Fairies

https://vimeo.com/90328968

https://vimeo.com/81981760

 

Theatre Book - Macbeth is an augmented reality pop-up book that brings 'the Scottish play' to life with miniature projection mapping. 

https://vimeo.com/123121148

 

Alchimie de Courvoisier - Projected Paper Diorama 

https://vimeo.com/66884175

 

The Hunter (Theatrical Installation)

https://vimeo.com/52230740

 

******Peepboardpleasure

 https://vimeo.com/19433309

 

****Ophelia’s Ghost

 https://vimeo.com/112312758

 

****Starkers

https://vimeo.com/152721741

Also - Gabriel Barcia Colombo  - People in Jars

TED - https://www.ted.com/talks/gabriel_barcia_colombo_capturing_memories_in_video_art

Site - http://www.gabebc.com/

 

A way of discovering and remaking rhythms

Renaud Hallee

Gravity (2009)

https://vimeo.com/6111739

Combustion (2013)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RhmWsN8GB_c

 

Dan Tapper 

Changing Signals (2013)

https://vimeo.com/79190146

Steina and Woody Vasulka

Noisefields (1974) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbn00MgqURk

 

A laboritory for experimenting with new forms of narrative

Eija-Liisa Ahtila  The House - 1 and 2 (2003)

http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x4vwi5_the-house-eija-liisa-ahtila-1_creation

http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x4w98d_the-house-eija-liisa-ahtila-2_creation

 

Steina and Woody Vasulka

Golden Voyage (1973) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SUGVZ7ROFmM

Scan Processor Studies by Woody Vasulka & Brian O’Reilly (featuring the Rutt Etra video synthesizer)

http://thefoxisblack.com/2009/12/01/scan-processor-studies-by-woody-vasulka-brian-oreilly/

Documentary on Steina and Woody " Binary Lives *Steina and Woody Vasulka - Peter Kirby / 1996"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uYyR6EWbPC0

A Vehicle for addressing issues of language and sign

Bill Seaman 

http://billseaman.com/

 

Martha Rosler: "Semiotics of the Kitchen" (1975)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vm5vZaE8Ysc

 

Barbara Kruger - New York Windows

https://vimeo.com/118735859

 

A means of reimagining spaces and places and things

Kit Webster

Interview https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SJBzKb3kMPI

DATAFLUX (2008)

https://vimeo.com/3282563

Enigmatica Mars (2009)

https://vimeo.com/9842123

 

Mécaniques Discursives - Fred Penelle & Yannick Jacquet (2012)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-xjT0kIDOms

Némo Biennale, Paris (2015)

https://vimeo.com/153668027

Mécaniques Discursives at Renaissance Lille 3000 (2014)

https://vimeo.com/146567009

A short documentary

https://vimeo.com/111327577

BOX , Bot and Dolly - (2012)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lX6JcybgDFo

The making of

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y4ajXJ3nj1Q

Real-time face tracking & Projection Mapping 

https://vimeo.com/103425574

A delicate dance that interweaves animation and installation

Ondrej Rudavsky

 https://vimeo.com/user3108785

NEW STUFF YET TO BE CATAGORIZED

https://laughingsquid.com/projection-mapped-music-video-for-royals-2pac-beck-mashup-by-pomplamoose/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7X8ZnmLfM0

https://www.pomplamoose.com/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dm3ZEMQf98k

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tk4_SMI0jVc

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